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The restoration of Crimea's "military might" since its annexation in 2014 plays a significant role in demonstrating Russia as a major power both for domestic and international society. The annexation of Crimea demonstrated that Russia is ready to defend its foreign policy interests by force, even if that would mean losing the favor of a previously loyal country, Ukraine.


Just as the Crimean Peninsula can be considered a Russian outpost to southern Europe, the Kaliningrad region is Russia's outpost in the western direction. Kaliningrad is not connected to a land corridor with the rest of Russia, which makes it a 'watchtower beyond the fortress borders'.


Forces located in the Black Sea region play an important role in the overall conjuncture of Russia's military potential, both within the Black Sea states and in the broader context of the Southwest strategic direction.


Shortly after the annexation of Crimea, official rhetoric indicated that the Crimean Peninsula would acquire special importance in the strategic direction of Southwest Russia already in the near future.


The purpose of the Kremlin since Vladimir Putin came to power is to increase Russia's influence, especially in the countries and territories linked by Russia with language, culture and history.


Six years have passed since the occupation of Ukraine's Crimean Peninsula by Russian Armed Forces units. Following the violation of international law by Russia, the occupation and annexation of foreign territory, the Crimean Peninsula has experienced a significant increase in Russian Armed Forces presence.


According to the results of the “Levada-Centr” survey conducted in November 2019, a total of 81% of Russian adults regularly use the Internet. Of these, 65% use the Internet practically every day, 10% use it a few times a week, 4% use it about once a week, 2% use it less than once a week, and 19% do not use the World Wide Web.


Oppositionist and video blogger Y.Zhukov was born in 1998 in Moscow. As a child, he was an erudite and studied in elite educational establishments. Thanks to the victory in the Russian Olympiad in Social Sciences, Y.Zhukov gained the right to study at the Russian Higher School of Economics in the Bachelor's program in Political Science.


Neither the experts nor, presumably, the Russian leader Vladimir Putin himself knows how long he will continue to rule Russia - until 2024, 2030 or 2036. It is also unknown what the nature of the regime will be after Putin. However, it is certain that the regime in Russia will undergo certain transformations.

Foreign policy

On October 3, 2019, at a “Valdai” discussion club conference, V. Putin announced that Moscow had helped Beijing to develop a missile early warning system that would “capitalise” and “drastically” increase China's defence capabilities. The President also pointed out that only the US and Russia had such a system.

Foreign policy

V. Putin always talks about bilateral trade figures in his talks with foreign leaders. So far, during his last visit to Russia in June 2019, V. Putin said that in 2018, bilateral trade in goods was worth 108 billion USD.

Foreign policy

Approximately until the late 1990s, Russia's foreign policy had been focused on Western countries rather than on the direction of Asian region. Moscow had been criticized for taking a strong “Euro-American” course and for neglecting the Southeast region.

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